Instructions:-how can the united states homeland security idea be implemented in the GCC?
what problems will the current judicial system in the GCC do in enforcement of the theory?
Homeland security theory has been fully operational after the September 11th terror attack (Sauter & Carafano, 2011). The legal framework for sentencing terrorists in the US judicial system has recently been marked with controversies in the process of prosecuting terrorism cases. The military tribunals that were formed by President Bush are now becoming a weak point to sufficiently cater for these persecutions. As GCC attempts to implement the U.S Homeland Security, they will be faced with challenges such as retention of terrorist due to lack of evidence, poor punishment to terrorists and lack of sufficient grounds to pin down terrorists. Additionally, GCC will be faced with differences experienced in handling terrorism cases as compared with the sharia laws (Smith, Damphousse, Jackson, & Sellers, 2002).
To begin with, it is evident that the Homeland security theory will make judicial courts decide on whether terrorism should be tried in a military tribunal or a civil court. Sharia law stipulates the opposite as all the terrorists are tried in one court. Also, with the guidelines outlined by the Homeland Security, any terrorist case must provide sufficient evidence to earn a hearing at any US judicial court. In the GCC’s sharia laws the community acts a monitor to any violent activity. Therefore, they do not rely mostly on the evidence part to prosecute terrorists. In the Islamic law foundations, it is evident that if a community does not approve of one’s acts, and or if the acts are against the well-being of an individual such as terrorism, is seen as a crime. The difficulties in implementing the Homeland security theory in GCCs is beneficial, but its implementation will need some alterations to the theory to serve the Islamic states.
Conclusively, with the US-GCC summit held recently, there have been agreements that will
solve these issues as GCC’s attempt in
solving problems with the implementation of Homeland Security Theory.
Consequently, Sharia Laws in the GCCs have been incorporated to address major cases
of terrorism such as Hezbollah’s case (Mannes,
et al., 2008).
Mannes, A., Michael, M., Pate, A., Sliva, A., Subrahmanian, V. S., & Wilkenfeld, J. (2008). Stochastic opponent modeling agents: A case study with Hezbollah. In Social Computing, Behavioral Modeling, and Prediction (pp. 37-45). New York: Springer.
Sauter, M., & Carafano, J. (2011). Homeland Security: A Complete Guide 2/E. New York: McGraw Hill Professional.
Smith, B. L., Damphousse, K. R., Jackson, F., & Sellers, A. (2002). The Prosecution and Punishment of International Terrorists in Federal Courts. Criminology & Public Policy, 1(3), 311-338.