Ideologies and Political Ideologies
Instructions: Asses the extent to which core ideological values remain within the current Labour and Conservative Party
Ideologies and Political Ideologies
Ideology is a set of values or ideas of political that characterize a certain culture and justify either the status quo or location to adjust it. The ethnicity of every scheme has an ideology that serves to clarify and validate its subsistence as a way of life. Ideology underlies movement for adjust and relies on a set of ideas to elucidate and justify its principle and methods (Fieldman & Johnstone, 2014). Political Ideologies are schemes of beliefs that give people a viewpoint on the correct role of officials selected, the types of public policies that should get prioritized and how diverse elements should get arranged in the society. Most citizens in the UK regard themselves liberal, moderate or conservative where they get recognized by their position on a political spectrum.
In left wing (Liberal) political ideology, it criticizes economic and social unfairness. They believe the practices of prejudiced must be removed and that the effect of important qualities of wealth requires being lessened since opportunity equality is viewed as essential (Heywood, 2012). On the other hand, Right wing (conservatives) ideology have a general fondness for existing society order and have an hostility to most efforts and bring about fundamental change. Unlike left wing, it enhances individual liberty by keeping government small excluding in the sector of national defense.
Function of Ideology
There is a frequent reproduction of the means of creation and thus ensuring there is the continuous domination of the ruling class and this can get attained by ruling the reality.
Ideology enables the country, and the community lead people towards something better. It brings an example that is educating on how to lead and educate the entire society otherwise the city can split and not able to deal with all global problems that it has.
Ideology is essential in explanation since it links the concept to social theories of psychological on how persons attribute causes to behavior by circumscribing thinking and entailing commitment. Explanatory as a function of ideology it is based on how the world works.
Evaluative as a function of ideology it decides on whether things are right or wrong and it is built with many evaluations such as empowerment evaluation. Empowerment evaluation promotes a particular set of values of social and those of professionals (Ball, Dagger & O’Neill, 2015).
Orientation- by supplying the holder with a sense of identity either as a liberal or a conservative and letting voters have general ideological orientations and dispositions.
Programmatic- deals with what to do and how to do it. Programmatic addresses all problems of information, coordination, and credibility.
From a controversial study, people tend to vote for right wingers since they tend to be less intelligent than the left wings and individuals with the intelligence of small childhood are likely to develop and become racist and anti-gay. According to research, innate intelligence is what critically determines whether they are racist or not. Even being in the wake of financial crises, more workers tend to vote for the right wing (Jackson &Marsden, 2012). The left has a tendency of placing caring for the weak and vulnerable above the moral concerns; however, they violate other moral needs hopes and concerns thus more people tend to vote for those that serve them more satisfying.
The core values of conservative are that they oppose abortion but favor both capital punishment and total freedom regarding the gun laws. The liberal takes a pro-life position on both control of the weapon and capital punishment. The liberal is also likely to oppose any attempts to control the rights of a woman in terminating a pregnancy.
Left-wing are liberal such that they view the society in a way that it is best served with an expanded role of government while the right wing sees the community as the best outcome where rights of individuals and civil liberties are paramount, and the role and power of government are lowered. The two political ideologies believe in greater rights of people in the society with the government having a responsibility to shield social lives of individual people from others who may try to repress them. They also view the government as a state of regulating social choices of individuals based on values of tradition so as to protect the society from decisions that seem to be harmful.
The left wing ideology, the view that the government should regulate economic choices of people and other groups by protecting the whole economy through competition, promotion and provision of a safety net for the less fortunate and the lower class. On the right wing, they see that the government should take an approach of hands-off in regards to the economy.
The two political ideologies view the role of government in entitlement programs such as security and Medicare, benefits of unemployment and providing a strong environment for the individuals. Solutions to market-based issues are to be looked by the government so as they are all tackled.
There can be an ideological impact when translating an ideological goal to a political practice since the translation is ideologically constrained and is socially-culturally situated activity.
Cultural nationalism is one of the problems that will result when ideological goals get translated into political practice. On nationalism, it is the attitude that the nations member will have when caring about their national identity and it is also the act that the government members take when seeking to attain political sovereignty (Katan, 2014). When cultures are prioritized over foreign cultures, and then they are translated into political practices, they result in a problem.
Lexical and Grammatical problems may occur due to ambiguous grammar and the language of the culture being complex and complicated. If the translator mistakenly misunderstands some words or expressions may create a problem in the political practice since it may result in a misunderstanding of concepts that may be used in the area of politics.
The stylistic problem may occur when translators are translating especially in sectors of formality versus informality, ambiguity, and normalization. It makes the translator render some style used in the society and be employed in the area of political thus resulting into a problem.
In ideology the language being used may be different and when applied in the sector of political may lead to a problem when translating (Venuti, 2012). Language variety is associated with the planning of governments such as goals of the government. However, when the language is changed in the process, it results to a problem occurring. Language co-existence may not occur from a conscious language ideologically, but rather from the efficacy in ordinary language communication.
The strategy of substitution may result in a problem when the change makes a mistake adapted or substituted by the culture of the target audience to be their products. When source cultural items are not replaced with local and the translation does not stress the essence of target conventions, a problem is likely to occur in the political sector. Furthermore, there are leaders who happened to deviate from their political ideology. First, Mao Zedong of China was one of the leaders that departed from the political ideology. His party Maoism was widely applied as the guiding politically and military ideology in the community of China. Secondly, Ed Miliband is another political leader that deviated from political ideology of Labor Party Conference in an attempt to respond to a rhetoric culture of populist.
Political ideology is based on two types the liberal side and the conservative side. The liberal one denounces both social and inequality and believes in the health of the worker and unions strike while on the other hand, conservative enhances the liberty of an individual and it bases its claims on religion and tradition. Ideology is essential in culture and also in the field of politics.
Ball, T., Dagger, R., & O’Neill, D. I. (2015). Political ideologies and the democratic ideal Routledge.
Feldman, S., & Johnston, C. (2014). Understanding the determinants of political ideology: Implications of structural complexity. Political Psychology,35(3), 337-358.
Heywood, A. (2012). Political ideologies: An introduction. Palgrave Macmillan.
Jackson, B., & Marsden, D. (2012). Education and the Working Class (RLE Edu L Sociology of Education). Routledge.
Katan, D. (2014). Translating cultures: An introduction for translators, interpreters, and mediators. Routledge.
Piurko, Y., Schwartz, S. H., & Davidov, E. (2011). Basic personal values and the meaning of left‐right political orientations in 20 countries. Political Psychology, 32(4), 537-561.
Venuti, L. (2012). The translation studies reader. Routledge.