Narratology Concepts Assignment Help.
Instructions: Choose two of these qutoes and eplain them in your won words. Use no more than half a page for each.
1. “The author (real or empirical) can be defined in a narrow sense as the intellectual creator of a text written for communicative purposes. In written texts in particular, the real author is distinguished from the mediating instances internal to the text” (Schonert)
2. “Factual and fictional narrative are generally defined as a pair of opposites. However, there is no consensus as to the rationale of this opposition. Three major competing definitions have been proposed: (a) semantic definition: factual narrative is referential whereas fictional narrative has no reference (at least not in “our” world); (b) syntactic definition: factual narrative and fictional narrative can be distinguished by their logico-linguistic syntax; (c) pragmatic definition: factual narrative advances claims of referential truthfulness whereas fictional narrative advances no such claims( Schaeffer)
3. “The term ‘Implied reader,’ coined by Booth as a counterpart of the implied author designates the image of the recipient that the author had while writing or, more accurately, the author’s image of the recipient that is fixed and objectified in the text by specific indexical signs” (Schmid).
4. “Transfictionality is the migration of elements such as characters, plot structures, or setting from one fictional text to another. It can be thought of as a relation between possible worlds” (Marie-Laure Ryan).
An author can be defined as founder and creator of a piece of literature such as narration, in this case. According to Jorg Schonert definition, an author can be empirical or real (Hühn, Meister and Pier). A real author is one who is responsible for the communicative intention and form of a literary work. In other words, authors are the creators of narration texts and they have the right of ownership. Outside the world of literary creations, an author can be defined as the conveyor of action in a socio-cultural context. In the case of narrative fictions, it is evident that mediacy is transferred to text-internal cases. The author is the main deliverer of information or works of literature. In narration, the author can take any form depending on the type of literature delivered. An author can assume the role of narrator. He creates his characters in the story world and delivers the story to the reader.
Secondly, Transfictionality refers to the relations or
counteracting between possible words. (Hühn, Meister and Pier 199) , refers to trafictionality as the relocation of elements
of a set text to from one fictional text to another. These items include characters, plot structures, and setting. Transfictionality is a phenomenon used many years ago by different
authors. It became protuberant in the post-modern culture. Transfictionality has
three distinct forms as postulated by
Dolezel. First, “expansion” refers to the manifestation
of prequels, sequels, and narrative skills where a secondary character is borrowed from
another work as a main character. Secondly, “displacement”, here the
characters, setting and most of the plot is
transferred to another fictional world. Lastly, “transposition”, It shifts the whole plot of a story to a different
geographical or historical setting (Ryan 25).
Hühn, P, et al., Handbook of Narratology. Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG, 2014.
Ryan, M. L. Possible Worlds. Artificial Intelligence, and Narrative Theory. Bloomington,IN: Indiana University Press, , IN., 1991.