Novice and Professional Burglars
Compare and contrast novice and professional burglars.
If you have not already done so, read the plagiarism statement in the syllabus.
b. Be careful not to just copy from the text or other source. Use your own words and thoughts as much as possible. Occasionally quote with ” ” for exact words and appropriate citation of page numbers from the source placed in your answer. Place a bibliographic reference list at the
end of your answers in each assignment (include in this reference list the text and any other material cited; if you consult other sources but do not quote directly, include these citations in the list; you are encouraged but not required to consult other references outside the text. See c. through g. below for more specific instructions.
c. Provide an appropriate bibliographic citation for the text in the above reference list-whether you directly quote from it or not. By doing this you guard against unconscious plagiarism.
d. In the body of your answers cite any relevant page numbers of the text.
e. While you properly list the text as a reference, you need to also carefully develop the answer with your own thoughts (examples and opinions are always useful): the answer should not be only
a string of ideas referenced to the text author.
f. Do not cite references in the answers just because they are contained in the reading: the author has consulted/read those, but you have not. Best practice is to cite only references you have specifically consulted.
g. Every writer, no matter how experienced, must guard against plagiarism in its many forms. In the world of the internet, intellectual integrity is indeed difficult to maintain, but it should never be ignored, consciously violated, nor considered “quaint” and out-of-date
Novice and Professional Burglars
A burglary is an act of “breaking and entering” a restricted area or house. It also referred to as (Gibbons & Garrity, 1962, p. 29) housebreaking. An act of burglary is unlawful. Burglary entirely involves entering a restricted area especially a home or other location with an aim to engage in other crimes such as theft, robbery or felony. A person who engages is such an act is referred to as a burglar. Burglary has been on the increase in Afghanistan, a record of at least 2700 burglary cases have been reported per year. There are two types of burglars, the novice burglar, and the professional burglars.
To begin with, a novice burglar is different from professional burglars regarding objectives, preparation, targets, the level of crime (burglary), and the outcome of the offence. Evidently, a novice burglar tends to act randomly; they do not plan for a stealing operation, their main objective lies with vulnerability factors such as an unlocked door, open windows, and less security personnel. Novice burglars do not depend on their activities for a living. Novice burglars can be termed as thieves who are opportunistic. The novice burglars have no specific targets; they tend to act given an opportunity to do so. Alternatively, professional burglars always target high-profit firms and mansions (Garcia-Retamero & Dhami, 2009, p. 168). Most professional burglars are hired with a specific objective, for example, confiscating a document of a related competitor company or in some cases stalking someone.
On the other hand, professional burglars are composed, focused and prepared to commit a felony within their area of operation. Professional burglars are objective-oriented, this means, they have a specific target, and they plan for the operation earlier, even if the security of the building is at peak. Professional burglars tend to perform hideous acts as compared to novice burglary. Also, professional burglars tend to perform intense surveillance on their target, and they are stealthier than the novice burglars. Professional burglars, on the other hand, use sophisticated weapons than novice burglars such as key cutters, silenced guns for threatening purposes and masked clothes (Garcia-Retamero & Dhami, 2009, p. 169). Professional burglars tend to commit less violence as compared to novice burglars.
Conclusively, the two types of burglars have a similarity; they always break
into a building without being authorized to do so. Also, they tend to commit an
act that will leave the victim in financial, emotional or physical pain (Mawby, 2013).
Burglary is a crime and punishable by law in Afghanistan.
Garcia-Retamero, R., & Dhami, M. K. (2009). Take-the-best in expert-novice decision strategies for residential burglary. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review , 16 (1), 163-169.
Gibbons, D. C., & Garrity, D. L. (1962). Definition and Analysis of Certain Criminal Types. The Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology, and Police Science , 53 (1), 27-35.
Mawby, R. (2013). Burglary. New York: Routledge Publishers.
Shover, N. (1972). Structures and careers in burglary. The Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology, and Police Science , 63 (4), 540-549.