Politico-Legal Environment Essay.
Each student will develop a paper with just bullet point examining the labor market and workplace characteristics of a country of his/her choice. From the following:
1. POLITICO-LEGAL ENVIRONMENT
• Political system
• Dominant ideology
• Government stability
• Common law or civil law
• Property rights
2.1 Economic System
• Capitalist system or centrally planned economy?
• What is the role of the government in the economy?
3.1. Cultural Characteristics
• Objective culture
• Subjective culture
4.1. Labor Force
• Total Population
• Population Distribution by sex, race/ethnicity, and age
• Labor force participation rate by sex, race/ethnicity, and age
LABOR RELATIONS AND EMPLOYMENT LAWS
• Labor laws
• Union membership
• Labor disputes
• Anti-discrimination laws
• Employee separation laws
The country i choose is Canada.
They can be all bullet points.
- Political system
Canada has a complex governance system, comprising of aspects of constitutional monarchy, federal system, representative democracy and party system. Thus, the country is headed by a royal figure, the queen, while the elected body governs the country.
- Dominant ideology
The dominant political ideologies within the country is liberal and conservative ideology. However, liberal ideology is more dominant than the conservative one, according to EKOS’s poll.
- Government stability
The government of the country is stable. As a result of the presence of political stability, the country’s markets are a stable enterprise to venture in. this is mainly due to the federal government, which ensure that no aspect of the large country is overlooked.
- Common law or civil law
The country of Canada has a legal system that incorporated English common law, which offer a guideline to judges in making decisions. The only exception is the region of Quebec, which follows Napoleonic civil code.
- Property rights
The legal system allows possession of private property, with the only limitation being the government’s right to establishment of monopolies and expropriation for the public. Exportation or importation of counterfeit goods is prohibited wile copyright is available for intellectual property.
- Capitalist system or centrally planned economy
The country’s political system endorses private ownership. Consequently, the country’s economic system is capitalist in nature rather than a centrally planned one.
- Role of the government in the economy
The government has the right to regulate or control various aspects of the economy for the benefit of the public. As a result, the government plays a regulatory role in the economic structure of the country.
- Objective culture
Canada has a diverse cultural context, with native language of English and French. Non-official languages include Punjabi, Chinese, Spanish, Italian and Arabic.
- Subjective culture
Both England and France, which played a vital role in the country’s history, influence the country’s culture.
- Total Population
Canada has an estimated population of 36 million individuals.
- Population Distribution by sex, race/ethnicity, and age
The sex ratio balance of the population is 0.985, 985 males to 1000 females.
- Labor force participation rate by sex, race/ethnicity, and age
The dependency ratio is 46.1%
LABOR RELATIONS AND EMPLOYMENT LAWS
- Labor laws
The Canada Labor Standards Regulations provides regulations regarding employees. It regulates working hours, wages, vacations on an annual scale, reassignment, general holidays, maternity and paternal leave, termination of employment, bereavement leave, alongside work-related injury and illness.
- Union membership
Unions are of four types: national, international, independent local and directly chartered local. The major type of union membership among workers is the national union, with the highest percentage of subscription.
- Labor disputes
Labor disputes occur between employers and workers. Ana example of a recent occurrence involves Canada post and its employees, which greatly affects businesses and retailers on a countrywide scale.
- Anti-discrimination laws
Canada has anti-discrimination law, based on the Canadian Human Rights Act. Discriminatory practices at the workplace are explicitly prohibited, including federal employers.
- Employee separation laws
exists federal standards for the layoff, termination or dismissal of an
employee. A notice of dismissal, termination or layoff must be provided two
weeks prior. In the case of unjust dismissal, a complaint can be filed within a
period of 90 days.
Statistics Canada. (2016). Immigration and Ethno cultural Diversity in Canada. Retrieved from http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/as-sa/99-010-x/99-010-x2011001-eng.cfm
Canada Human Rights Commission. (2013). What is Discrimination? Retrieved from http://www.chrc-ccdp.gc.ca/eng/content/what-discrimination
Tania, K. (2016). Canada Post’s Ongoing Labor Dispute Leaves Canadians Frustrated. Retrieved from http://globalnews.ca/news/2909683/canada-posts-ongoing-labour-dispute-leaves-canadians-frustrated/
Eric, G. (2013). Liberal Ideology Still Dominates in Canada. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2013/01/11/liberals-canada-poll-ekos-ipolitics_n_2455945.html
Canada Country Commercial Guide. (2017). Canada-Protection of Property Rights. Retrieved from https://www.export.gov/article?id=Canada-Protection-of-Property-Rights