The Five-Component Model
In this one- to two-page (250-500 word) paper, you will discuss each of the different components of an information system, and then explain how you can use the five-component model to guide your learning and thinking about information systems. You may use the Unit Lesson, Chapter Readings, Suggested Readings, Learning Activities, and outside resources to aid in your research.
Include the following in your paper:
Define each component of an information system. Define how you can use the five-component model to guide your learning and thinking about information systems. Include at least one outside research item in your paper. Use APA format and cite your sources.
APA rules for formatting, quoting, paraphrasing, citing, and listing of sources are to be followed.
The Five-Component Model
Information systems, or management information systems are a type of system. This essentially implies that they comprise a set of components which interact to attain a certain outcome. Stair and Reynolds, (2012) view information systems as an assortment of elements for the collection and manipulation of data, and it’s the consequent dissemination of information. There are five components of an information management system, which comprise a computer side, and a human side. The computer part of information systems comprises hardware and software. Hardware refers to the physical components of a computer, which are essentially equipment for processing data. Software, on its part, refers to a set of instructions for the computer, which are used to convert data into information.
On the human side, the first component is people, who are the users of the information system, and its most important component. People are guided by procedures, which are essentially methodical instructions that provide guidance on how the user should interact with the hardware/software. The final component is data, which refers to raw and unprocessed facts. Data acts as the bridge between the computer components and the human components of the information system.
The five components above comprise the
five-component framework of information system. This framework is an important
and useful one in the use, evaluation and interaction with information systems.
One can use the five-component framework by understanding its core working,
which is essentially as has been described above, whereby data acts as the link
between the computer side and the human side. An automation process essentially
entails taking what people are doing and transferring these functions and
activities to the computer side of the framework. By using the five-component
model, one can design information systems that are more responsive to the needs
of the users.
Stair, R. M., & Reynolds, G. W. (2012). Fundamentals of information systems (6th edition ed.). Boston: Cengage Learning.